What Is Personality Disorder?
Personality disorder refers to a mental disorder that causes a person to experience an unhealthy pattern of thinking. A person dealing with a personality disorder is often rigid in his or her thought patterns, and struggles to relate to others. As such, a personality disorder patient may encounter problems as he or she tries to build relationships or engage in social situations.
Genetics and environment are two of the factors that may cause a personality disorder to develop, Mayo Clinic states. If an individual has a family history of personality order, he or she may be more susceptible than others to personality disorder symptoms. A person’s surroundings, personal history, and relationships shape his or her personality, and may result in a personality disorder. For example, it has been shown that living in poverty may make a person more prone to a personality disorder, as well as a history of childhood trauma and verbal abuse. An abusive relationship with a spouse or relative may also increase a person’s risk of developing a personality disorder.
There are many potential causes of personality disorders, and they may lead to different types of personality disorders. Common personality disorders include:
If you or a loved one are experiencing personality disorder symptoms, a proper diagnosis is necessary. This will an individual find the root cause of their personality disorder and make it possible to explore effective treatment options.